The evolution of the youth sector in football, differences and considerations


Today, societies are facing the evolution / involvment of football in the youth sector (and I speak about the provincial and district camps) which, over a few years, require a change in the technical approach and not;



The life of today’s kids is very sedentary; the activities that in the past helped to develop basic motive schemes (oratories, sub-chase camps) are becoming less and less, and are replaced by computers and telephones;

The so-called “road” is useless to say it was also at the level of character, comparison with others the iteration of society today is minimized by social issues and as already pointed out several times with the advent of technology, I personally see among today’s many guys Less irreverence and bitterness than the past;

If in the past the work included the management of individuality, the categorization of the single team available and disciplinary principles, today in a football where tactics speak on all channels, you should work with the kids more on the coordinative point of view Technician igniting them and giving him confidence to boost his self-esteem, a totally inverse process in my opinion over 20 years that requires an adaptation of presidents, executives and coaches.



I happened to attend guardians and executives who for reasons of responsibility forbid the boys who come first to the field to play autonomously before the arrival of the coach, I have made the reversal of this habit one of the small elements of my work credo, I managed to get the boys half an hour before the training session had their spaces (tennis court, cage 2 vs 2) their freedom to play outside of the training session, trying to stimulate the arrival to the field in advance;



I think we should start from all of these small details to support today’s boys approaching the world of balloons, I think we need to stimulate them to find freedom of play even before a fictional path


4 vs 4 + low outdoor and high training 4-4-2

What does a football coach do for a new call?

I often spent my time updating, going to see workouts, matches, reading specific magazines, following courses and comparing me with other coaches. I have also sought to expand my network of technical contacts, with me in the field of industry (prosecutors, sports directors, coaches and presidents). All this has given me the opportunity to enrich myself even in the absence of the field and to prepare for the better for the future call. Then I did physical activity, which helped me to stay active and balanced at a particularly delicate moment, which is the expectation (almost frustrating): because, as they said in ancient Rome, “Healthy Mens in Healthy Body”. But before you get to the contract, how do you get to a company call? Often people who contact you are the sports director of the company because they know you or have seen some of your team games in previous years, or have received a report from some of their friend in the industry.

Sometimes a lawyer who calls you and tells you to the manager. Sometimes the president himself has had references and contacts you. When do they contact you? Often before the exoneration, pre-announcing that the next game will be decisive for the fate of your coach who, in all likelihood, in the event of a defeat, will be replaced: it is an invitation to go to see the game in order to better know the coach. Honestly, I try to avoid seeing these races, because I consider him to be of little taste, but above all, so as not to touch the susceptibility of anyone at the very moment when I was called.

Today, with the technology and the available media, there are many ways to know, without creating equivocal situations at particular moments. Sometimes they contact you after the exoneration. After the contact, is the meeting with the management coming? How many times have they called me saying that they were thinking about me for replacing that trainer. Then time goes by, calls you a friend and tells you: you know, they took it there … Sometimes they call you and give you an appointment. However, we must know that we are not the only ones – even if they do not tell us – but they will surely also evaluate other candidates. In these meetings, where societies seek certainty and security, I have always learned to be consistent and do not promise anything: I believe that professionalism and seriousness sometimes make you lose some of your responsibilities. But in the long run, they project you into the best projects.

Source Paolo Favaretto thesis technical sector figc

Communicating is also motivated and vice-versa by Fabio Pecchia

One day, before entering the training field, the coach asked us to stay in the locker room; It was a delicate moment of the season and on Sunday we would have to meet a team fighting for the scudetto. After a few minutes of waiting, between jokes and laughter, from afar I heard an animal knock (I thought of a dog right away, maybe because I got the phobia). And my fears were immediately confirmed: our coach entered a Rottweiler in the locker room and, without speaking a word, let the animal grow (even angry enough!) For a few moments to us. His message was clear: on Sunday we should have the same attitude as our guest; We went down to the field and started training. “If I have to be honest personally I did not take it very well … more than the” dog anger “the situation underlined my” dog fear “and that is why I in every In the case of the dog I would have preferred the mythical phrase of V. Boskov: “Come on! Come on! Warm cold heart head! ”

In sports, the motivations of an athlete can make the difference between achieving or missing established performance goals.

In psychology there are various classifications of motivations; The classic distinction between Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Motivation seems to me very appropriate to qualify the athlete’s mental attitude in the performance of sports performance.
An athlete with a strong intrinsic motivation plays for the pure pleasure of doing it, fun becomes the engine of his agonistic participation and the sense of fatigue is reduced.
Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, characterizes athletes who in the sport especially seek external recognition through positive or negative reinforcements (awards or punishments).

Another possible classification of the types of motivation concerns the so-called Orientation to Task and Orientation to the Self:

A task-oriented athlete wants to confront himself and finds pleasure in learning new abilities, noting his improvements.
A self-centered athlete, on the contrary, seeks to demonstrate his ability primarily through confrontation with others, will therefore feel only when such a comparison is conducive to him. It will therefore be indifferent to the possibility of improvement, but will be motivated by the desire to magnify your ego.
Some research has confirmed a positive relationship between task orientation and intrinsic motivation; Subjects with both of these characteristics are defined in “Internal Control” psychology; They are people who interpret events as a product of their own behavior.

While those that make events dependent on other factors (luck, fate, etc.) are defined as “External Control”.
Beyond these classifications it is beyond doubt that communication, both with oneself and with others, must be certain, detailed and direct.
Certain communication is obtained by using verbs as imperative; The detailed one is intended to give ourselves and the other precise and detailed information because the mind of each of us needs precise elements for them to be realized and the direct one serves to communicate with one another immediate and the other the objective pursued , The desire to be realized and obtained using expressions like “I want this thing”: “That’s it! and that’s that”.

Indecision, doubt, fear of failure to do so, uncertainty and lack of clarity are the main obstacles to our performance.
In fact, the indecision of the messages that we give to ourselves and to others depict the possibility of expressing and expressing others
better. Only by my determination will I be able to influence the determination of others. The determination and the conviction of the coach is “almost for osmosis” to his players; Sometimes this belief (obviously optimistic) seems to distract madness but it is when “the impossible becomes possible” that the strength is born to overcome our limits. For this I will never forget an extraordinary night at the Stadio S. Paolo in Naples:

So many years have passed but I still feel the thrill of the crowd on my skin and the emotion of having lived that special evening:
“It was a night game against Zeman’s team, the first time ended with us under two goals and” satisfied “the result, the passive, in fact, could have been much heavier:

We had taken a “doll” ever seen. In the long run (which at that moment seemed to me to be very long), a subway that led us from the field in the changing rooms I kept thinking about the many occasions of the opponents’ goals and above all I had many questions (self-talk): “how do we argue” is team? “; “the
Cut outs who absorbs it? “;” Who gets the mezzala that fits in? “;” How long do we have to run behind these assassins? “.

Certainly in my head had created negative representations, but I challenge anyone in such a tourbillon to think positive. Meanwhile, I finally came to the locker room: I sat down in my seat and looked at the rest of the team: low heads and no one trying to open my mouth a little bit of anger, a little disappointed but, above all, because we needed to retrieve Breath, we were in apnea.

After drinking a glass of hot tea, he went in and thought, “now we are massacred” and instead, without giving any technical / tactical indication, he said: “From the young men, now let’s go back and win 3 to 2 !!” “Sure! Sure!” To say that he had surprised the whole dressing room seems to me ridiculous. Yet the effect on all of us was immediate and extraordinary; Already the return journey to the field was completely different, that subway that only seemed to me infinitely 15 minutes ago now seemed much shorter, so much was my desire to resume the game immediately. But in my head I was just thinking, “Is my master a madman or a magician?”

The race started in a different way: even with a slight decrease in tension between Zeman’s men, we quickly reduced the distance. The more time passed and the more conviction of
To be able to retrieve the game. And even after doubling our attitude did not change, we did not go back one meter, yet after such a first time we had to match that match
Could already be considered a great achievement; But the mister told us that we would win 3 to 2 and then boldly look for victory. The wind had obviously changed, but to force our push, in addition to the warmth of an infuriated and enthusiastic saint, was precisely the possibility of materializing the “prophecy” of our histrionic technician.

That was how we won the incredible match in the last few minutes. Just as our “trainer” / “communicator” had planned, that night, certainly, a bit “sorcerer”.

Official thesis of Coverciano Training by communicating by Fabio Pecchia


Small side game jug & depth attack

32/5000 Education with football, nice words

Today, the classroom discussion has become hot, lit, more than usual: taking advantage of the lack of Alexei, the head of the inder at Havana, so taking advantage of the absence of the federation’s “controllers” on the fields of capital after Have seen videos about the past days together in the field where it was clearly the different involvement, the different fun of our kids trained by us , rather than from them (and we did not do it to give us some Aries: We thought it useful to show them what they normally do not understand, focusing on training, maintaining order, discipline, and the success of the exercise), they are unleashed.

All in agreement, all aware that the method imposed now needs to be changed, replaced, because it is unsuitable and above all unsuitable, given the “bass” level of football in Cuba, but also aware that change will not be possible Never from the bottom, then from them. “You have to invite our bosses to the courses,” they say, rubbing their shoulders with two fingers, an unmistakable gesture that tells the leaders, the generals, “just so we can get something.” “Yes, but at the same time we have to win some championships in the municipalities that we are part of Inter Campus.

Since they only look at the result, only so can we attract their interest in your method. ” Results … they only look at the results. This sentence in the last period is persecuting me and I’m fighting it fiercely more than before but, alas, I’m also realizing I do not think I’ll ever get rid of it. Even in Italy it works like that. Even at low, low levels, even when children go to the field, the only thing that matters is the result. And everyone thinks so, no one is excluded: someone pretends to think differently for short periods, but when he does not get a bit of a win to show the bar under what he can talk to his totally ignorant footballers, but since Italians in possession do not know what boundless knowing about football and training, that is, the solfa changes.

Everyone, but just about all, even in the society where we intercampers work, things are taking this stupid, ignorant and damned bend and I can not fight this trend. In fact, I’m suffocating. We, the coaches, all see it all in the same way, but from the top we get precise messages “we have to win”. Who cares about how. Who cares that if I won a league championship this year, if I did not work to try to accompany all of my players in their development path, giving them rules, respect, giving them confidence, helping them To be together, to know others outside of oneself and maybe helping them to accept them, I will not have done anything for my boys. Why these, how many will continue to play? How many will come to the first team? How many will make this sport their business? But to them who care: they will have put the picture of the “champion” team on the board. Thinking to ignite the hearts of these guys the passion for sport, which will accompany them all their lives for them is far away; Thinking of bringing these guys closer to the study of sport (sports high school, sports sciences) just by training them daily, helping them find their talent, their passion, is something they do not know about them; Think of … already, think. No, it only matters to win. In Cuba, as in Italy. On all fields of the world.

by blog Alberto Giacomini

The disadvantaged group in football: “weak” and “strong”

By training a homogeneous group, as it often happens to all of us instructors who work in football schools where no selection is made, it has to do with children of different levels of football. What I want to submit to your judgment is the always discussed topic: playing “weak” and “strong” together, who benefits and disadvantages? Or better: are the benefits for the less advanced footballer better or the stronger grass player regressing its qualities? In my humble opinion by playing with the best kids you learn, you try to “steal” with your eyes, starting from the beginning of emulation.

The less gifted child is actually pushed to improve because he sees in his companion the real example to imitate and reach. In the history of football, even at the level of first-team and elite football, it has always been this way.

We can mention in the past the example of Fernando De Napoli who arrived in Naples with a technical luggage not really excited that training and playing with a certain Diego Armando Maradona has been enriched by improving even in the strictly technical terms. Still, in our day, we all love players like Rino Gattuso, a field gladiator unjustly considered a “poor foot”.

Perhaps it was at the beginning of his Rossoneri adventure, but today, after years spent by people like Seedorf or Kaka, even his feet seem to be heavily domesticated technically. It is clear that the better footballer, or football student, will have to be smart, humble and eager to make it available to his comrades by not closing in himself the secret of a fake or a shot made in a way. Probably these only playing with the weak will not improve, but fortunately he will find on his football course someone else stronger than he and equally with time will increase his creativity and fantasy by aiming to always try new numbers, always looking for new challenges With others, but above all with himself.

The importance of … to participate

Starting with the Pulcini category, the eight-year-old child from the Small Friends category, where comparisons take place only in the form of events that include confrontational games, looks for a “real” match for the first time. At this time so delicate and particularly conducive to learning (the so-called “golden age”), we will never tire of repeating the importance of playing ALL CHILDREN available to every single team, just because it is their right Participate and have fun. For this purpose, the Federation stipulates that the matches must be of three times, specifying that all the members of the list participating in the match must play at least one full time of the first two, with the possibility of using the so-called “flying gear” in the third fraction Of playing, playing two thirds of the race. Going into the field is an extremely important element for the formation of the child, even those, as I call them, “less prepared for football.” These will first and foremost feel part of the team and somehow like all of their companions, with a psychological benefit that will increase their self-esteem and their intrinsic motivation (that is, the inner push that supports engagement in a ‘Activity that brings satisfaction from what you do). All this will trigger the desire to learn all the gestures and situations related to football, as the child becomes aware of what he has learned and what he needs to do to improve it further.

Lorenzo Geluardi

The coach in the balloon: “when the student becomes the object”

Often, by comparing myself with my “colleagues” and discussing the methods, loads and working times of the training session, I recall in my mind a phrase contained in the Technical Guide for Football Schools: “The student is the subject And not the object of the trainer’s work. ” Sometimes I can not fully agree with the other instructors who, in my opinion, do not realize that they have children in their hands, as the FIGC guidelines also point out. It is true that the Beginner category is the pinnacle of the Pyramid of the Calcium School’s basic activity and that we are dealing with eleven or twelve years, closer to the next-highest category (Giovanissimi) than to the Pulcini but We must never forget to propose the various exercises in the form of a game. The latter, along with fun, enthusiasm, programming, passion and sports culture, must be the main ingredients of the recipe for each puzzle in all categories of the Football School. For beginner fun is the key component (81.8% of respondents), most importantly “winning many matches” (66.9%) as evidenced by a survey conducted by the Federation. Technical exercises, borrowed from elite football, are extremely damaging and not tailored to the child. So, for example, taking hours and hours to try to hit the cross is not at all fun or stimulating, although it definitely improves the kick mode and accuracy of the shot itself. What I want to say is that the same result can also be achieved through “ad hoc” exercises in a varied form that solicit the same kind of fundamentals and pursue the same goal. The same Official Release No. 1 reads: “Every child has the right to attend workouts appropriate to his rhythms.” In my way of seeing, and allowing me to play words, “the workout must be trained and non-alienating” . In addition, these operational proposals, which are inadequate to the real needs of the child, certainly create performance expectations, when at this age, however, one should only think of playing for fun, free from all the external constraints that can be constituted by winning, winning by Parents, from getting the result at all costs and with all the means. Only through this forced step can you then project into the football reality of the Youngest, where the goals are the competitive result and the good performance.

What kind of communication between instructor and student?

How can I communicate effectively? How can I verify that my students have transposed them? These are the questions that every instructor should ask during training sessions. When dealing with children of this age range (8-10 years) we must try to be as clear as possible by sending a non-ambiguous or contradictory message. In fact, among the pedagogic skills we are required to be able to communicate, that is to be able to transfer their technical, tactical and human skills to their students. Communicating with children is, however, not easy: every child is done in his own way, with his character and his little personality. So you must first “read” who is facing you and then act accordingly looking for the right words, the right tone of the voice. On the other hand, communication is not only verbal but it is also above all not verbal, that is, made of gestures, looks, distances, visual contact. We must always try to be coherent and not to create confusion: gesture and words must always say the same thing. The explanations should then be synthetic, simple and appropriate to the individuals to whom they are addressed. Students can also be involved by asking questions or proposing solutions or variants to the proposed exercises. Every instructor, in essence, should know the best way to easily transmit his / her knowledge and make it steady.